Excel Information Functions and Formulas

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# Excel Chapter  17 of 24: Excel Information Functions and Formulas

Excel offers you 17  functions in the information  category. Here are the ones (4) that you will use more often.

 Functions What it Does CELL Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell ISERROR Returns TRUE if the value is any error value ISNUMBER Returns TRUE if the value is a number ISTEXT Returns TRUE if the value is text
 Examples of Basic Information Formulas CELL, MID, FIND If you want the name and path of the active spreadsheet to be entered automatically in a cell, use the formula: =CELL("filename" ) if you want only the filename use : =MID(CELL("filename" ,A1),FIND("[" ,CELL("filename" ,A1))+1,FIND("]" ,CELL("filename" ,A1))-FIND("[" ,CELL("filename",A1))-1) ISERROR/ISNA When a formula refers to a cell in which you have another formula, always use the ISERROR function to avoid trashing the last formula with a " #DIV/0" or a " #VALUE" or a " #N/A" .=IF(ISERROR(B1/A1),"",(B1/A1)) if the value of cell A1 is 0, the cell in which you have put the above formula will be empty and not carry a value of #DIV/0.=IF(ISERROR(B1/A1),0,(B1/A1)) if the value of cell A1 is 0, the value of the cell in which you have put the above formula will be 0 and not #DIV/0. I also use the ISERROR rather then the ISNA function when I work with INDEX/MATCH. IF, ISNUM, LEFT  and MID In UK all postal codes start by a prefix of one or two letters. My correspondent wanted a formula to extract the prefixes so he could make a list of them. With the postal codes in column one the following formula in column 2 would do the job.=IF(ISNUMBER(MID(A1,2,1)*1),LEFT(A1,1),LEFT(A1,2))Depending on the number of characters in the prefix the formula should return the first  character from the left or the first 2  characters from the left: LEFT(A1,1) or LEFT(A1,2)Before any of these solutions is applied we must check if there are one or two letters at the beginning of the postal code. To do so we will check if the second character MID(A1,2,1)  is a number. The problem here is that any character from a text string is consider as a letter by Excel. Postal codes, serial numbers and others that include a letter or are formatted as text  are text by nature . So we multiply the second character by 1. If the character is a digit  to begin with it becomes a number but if it is a letter it doesn't: ISNUMBER(MID(A1,2,1)*1).