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Excel VBA Macros

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Excel Tutorial on Macros

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Here is a sample of what you will find
in the downloadable 
Tutorial on Excel macros

VBA Code for Cells and Ranges

Many beginners start their career using Cells. For example:
Cells(1,1).Select means (row 1, column 1) and is the same thing as Range("A1").Select and
Cells(14,31).Select
means (row 14, column 31) and is the same as Range("AE14").Select.

We strongly recommend that you use Range instead of Cells to work with cells and groups of cells. It makes your sentences much clearer and you are not forced to remember that column AE is column 31.

The only time that you will use Cells is when you want to select all the cells of a worksheet. For example:
Cells.Select
To select all cells and then empty all cells of values or formulas  you will use:
Cells.ClearContents

Range

To select a single cell you will write:
Range
("A1").Select

To select a set of contiguous cells you will use the colon and write:
Range("A1:G5").Select

To select a set of non contiguous cells you will use the comma and write:
Range("A1,A5,B4").Select

To select a set of non contiguous cells and a range you will use both the colon and the comma:
Range("A1,A5,B4:B8").Select

Offset

The Offset property is the one that you will use the most with Range to move around the sheet.

To move one cell down (from B2 to B3): Range("B2").Offset(1,0).Select
To move one cell to the right (from B2 to C2): Range("B2").Offset(0,1).Select
To move one cell up  (from B2 to B1): Range("B2").Offset(-1,0).Select
To move one cell to the left  (from B2 to A2): Range("B2").Offset(0,-1).Select

To move one cell down from the selected cell:
ActiveCell.Offset(1,0).Select

As you notice the first argument between the parentheses for Offset is the number of rows and the second one is the number of columns. So to move from A1 to G6 you will need:
Range("A1").Offset(5,6).Select

You will use very often the following piece of code . It selects a cell PLUS 4 more to the right to be copied/pasted somewhere else:
Range(ActiveCell,ActiveCell.Offset(0,4)).Copy
Notice the comma after the first
ActiveCell and the double closing parentheses before the Copy.


There are many important VBA words to discover in the downloadable Tutorial on Excel Macros. You have already read something about Range, Cells, Offset, ActiveCell,  read some more about them and about many other powerful words like CurrentRegion, UsedRange, End(xlDown), Formula, Value, FormulaR1C1,  ClearContents, Delete, and many more.


We hope you have enjoyed this tip
For more on this topic and a complete course on Excel macros download the
Tutorial on Excel Macros


To organize your discovery of Excel macros, the downloadable Tutorial on Excel Macros is divided in three sections (all 3  sections part of the single download):

Section 1: Excel Macros Programming (Chapters 1 to 10)
This section is about recording, writing, modifying and testing macros in the Visual Basic Editor. You will also learn about security and discover "events" (an event is what starts the macro).

Section 2: Excel VBA Vocabulary (Chapters 11 to 23)
Developing a macro is communicating with Excel and to do so you need to use a language called Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). In section 2 you will learn all the VBA vocabulary that is essential to work with business data (accounting, sales, production and others).

Section 3: Forms and Controls in VBA for Exce (Chapters 24 to 33)
The userform is a small or large dialog window that you create and allows the user to submit values that will be used by your macros. To these userforms you will add controls (command buttons, text boxes, list boxes and others) and program them.